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Tax Reform and Reporting of Children and Other Dependents

As the saying goes, children are our future. Uncle Sam knows this, and he also knows how expensive it is to raise children. Taxpayers with children and other dependents have always received rather significant tax benefits to aid with the expenses associated with those dependents. The tax reform bill makes several changes that, depending on the specific situation, may either increase or decrease a person’s tax bill.

Personal exemption suspension

One of the few changes that will negatively impact taxpayers (although for many people, it will be more than offset by other changes) is the elimination of the personal exemption. This means that starting in the 2018 tax year, taxpayers can no longer claim the personal exemption deduction for themselves, their spouse, or their dependents.

Child tax credit increase

For parents, there is some very good news in the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. The child tax credit has been increased up to $2,000 for each qualifying child under the age of 17. For lower income taxpayers, as much as $1,400 of that amount is refundable.

Many middle class taxpayers found that this substantial tax benefit was phased out for them. To remedy this, the tax reform bill increased the income level where the tax credit starts to be phased out to $400,000 (married filing joint) or $200,000 (single filers). This means more taxpayers who have dependent children can claim this tax credit, and those who do claim it can claim more.

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